Karwa Chauth is celebrated amongst Hindu married women mostly in northern India. However, the ritual has been glamorized by Indian TV serials and Movies to the extent that it is marked by many communities nowadays. In the religious books of Dharamasindhu, Nirnayasindhu and Vratraj mention Karwa Chauth as Karak Chaturthi. Both Karak and Karwa mean a small pitcher that is used during Puja and given as charity afterwards for the well-being of the family. Although it is mentioned that only women have the right to perform fasting on Karwa Chauth, men too perform fast in the modern era. The fasting on Karwa Chauth is done not only for the well-being and long life of the husband but also for the sons, grandsons, wealth and everlasting prosperity of the family. Here’s the Complete Guide to Karwa Chauth Pujan Vidhi and Puja Samagri-
Custom and Rituals
The Festival is observed precisely nine days before Diwali and on the fourth day of Kartik month as per Hindu calendar. The grand celebration of this holy occasion begins a day before. The newlyweds, the brides-to-be & married women get gorgeously wrapped gifts as well as pots of baskets from their mothers-in-law and would-be mothers-in-law. The tradition signifies that the mothers-in-law fill the earthen pots with traditional food called “Sargi” which has to be taken by women in the morning strictly before sunrise. Sargi is something conventional and often comprises of food items like fruits, fried potatoes and milk-based sweets that boost endurance of women.
The Baya comprises of an earthen pitcher, money, jewellery, clothes and sweets that are sent by woman’s mother to her in-law’s home.
Puja & Story
Women observing the Karwa Chauth fast get together as a part of the ritual. The Puja is held in the evening and the Puja-area is decorated with ‘khariamatti’ – mud & an idol of Goddess Parvati. Hours before seeing the moon in the sky, the traditional story of Karwa Chauth is narrated to the ladies gathered over for the ritual. In the current situation, it might be difficult to gather around and celebrate the ritual, however, ladies can do this over a video call and make the most of the trying times. In Hinduism, Karwa Chauth Fast is the truest symbol of the sanctity of the relationship between the husband and wife.
- Lord Ganesha idol or frame, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvatiji picture
- Copper or Clay Kalash (pot) or a Glass
- Red cloth (to cover the pot)
- Green Beans, also known as Phalli, Ber (berry), Kachar (small cucumber)
- Coin, moli/red thread
- Paper or board
- Puja Thali Samagri:
- Kumkum, Chaval, Gud, Moli, Coin, Lamp, Flowers,
- Prasad: Churma or Halwa or Sugar in a small bowl
Different communities celebrate the festival differently and the rituals change with traditions.
Breaking the Fast:
All women break their daylong fast by the evening when they see the moon in the sky. The fast is often broken in the presence of their husbands & it makes it a ceremonial affair. Women start the fast-breaking process by lighting an earthen lamp or Diya and filling a container with water. These items are placed on a traditional puja thali and carried to the place from where they see the moon, usually the open terrace or balcony. The hubby stands in front of his wife & wife sees the moon through a fine sieve. After that, water is offered to the moon, & the wife looks at her husband through the sieve. A prayer follows this ritual for longevity, & after that husband feeds his wife her first morsel of food, or a sip of water hence, breaking the fast.
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Categories: Karwa Chauth